[ Harvests ] Strawberry Harvests & Horticulture

Information on the Growing, Tending and History of the Strawberry Plant.


This page is dedicated to the information on the growing, tending and history of the strawberry plant.
-- strawberryJAMM

Strawberry Historical Facts

Credits: Much of the information in this and the next fact section was originally provided by Jennifer L. Hoff, from her 6th grade Report on strawberries, Plymouth Middle School, Plymouth, MN, December 3rd, 1995. Additions and corrections have also been added

Vanilla, Chocolate, & Strawberry : The Story of Your Favorite Flavors by Bonnie Busenberg
Children's book for ages 4-8. Describing how vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry came to become popular flavorings, how they were originally used, how they're used today, and what makes them taste the way they do. Includes recipes.
Order this book at Amazon.com

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Strawberry Horticultural Facts

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Gardening Hints & Tips

Include Your Secret To Succulent Strawberries Here!
Do you have any other Gardening Tips that you feel are worth sharing with visitors to The Strawberry Facts Page? If so, please feel free to send them to me at xxx@yyyy.com so that they can be included here!
-- strawberryJAMM

How To Use A Mexican Strawberry Cup Planter (aka Ceramic Strawberry Pot)
From: Geoff Mott, Vancouver, BC

  1. Sufficient rich soil to fill planter.
  2. Fertilizer
    1. Dried Manure (City Dwellers) or
    2. 6 - 10 - 10 Plant Food. (For Strawberries the middle number should be high and the first nunber low.)
  3. Non-waxed paper tube from a paper towel roll.
  4. Gravel - Small pea size. Enough to fill paper tube.
  5. Strawberry Plants
    1. "TOTEM" June bearing - Big, Juicy, Sweet
    2. "TRI-STAR" Everbearing, Medium size, not as juicy but very nice.
    3. "PINK PANDA" New hybrid, has pink flowers, blooms constantly, bright, small red fruit, very tasty.
  1. Start with empty pot
  2. If possible mix rich soil 50/50 with bagged dried manure, or mix in 1/2 cup of 6-10-10 plant food.
  3. Place paper tube vertically in center of pot
  4. Fill paper tube with gravel and leave tube in pot. The paper tube and gravel allows water to reach all levels of the pot's cups.
  5. Fill pot with rich soil and fertilizer. Leave paper tube in pot.
  6. Plant one strawberry plant in each cup.
  7. Plant four strawberry plants in the top of the planter. For beauty and novelty plant "Pink Panda" in top as this plant has beautiful pink flowers rather than white and usually receives comments from visitors.
  8. Water plants as required both from top and in each cup.

Good luck and enjoy eating your own strawberries.

Deterring Birds
From: Kristine Adam, Coquitlam, BC

"When I was growing up in Northern BC I knew someone who came up with an interesting way of keeping birds out of the strawberry patch: Early in the year, before the strawberries were even close to ripening, small, strawberry sized rocks that had been painted red would be scattered throughout the patch. Birds would then try to eat the 'berries' they thought they saw, finding them hard and inedible. The birds would eventually give up on the patch, leaving the real berries alone when they finally ripened later in the year."

More on Deterring Birds
From: Julie B., Australia

"To keep birds off my strawberry patch in Australia , old fly wire seems to do the trick nicely."
[fly wire is the wire mesh found in a screen door --JAMM]

First Year Plants Produce Better Berries
From: Dan Skousen, Spanish Fork, Utah

"I have been able to get a fine crop of strawberries each year by making certain that my plants are all first year plants, i.e. they have only gone through one winter. No, I don't go out each year and buy new plants. Instead, each spring I clear a two to three foot square patch in the middle of my berries and alternatingly leave another two to three foot patch alone. The ending result looks like a checker board. This is also a good time to mulch and prepare the bared soil."

"Over the summer, the plants will send out new shoots to the bare spots, and become established. I don't usually get many good berries off of these new ones that season (growing season is rather short here in Spanish Fork, Utah), but next year, what a crop! Big berries that are plump, sweet, and juicy!"

"Of course, next year I clear the opposite patches that I had cleared last spring. The result is a constant supply of young healthy plants that produce fantastic berries. Try it, and with a little patience (say a couple years), you too will see some great results."

Tip For Tending a Single Strawberry Bush
From: Anat Golan

"Each morning, spray water from a spray bottle (such as a window-cleaner bottle) on the plants. Every 2-3 days, give the plants a half cup of water. This really makes them fresh and red!"

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General Horticultural Data & Information

Strawberry Gardening/Horticulture Books available at Amazon.com
Grow the Best Strawberries (Storey Country Wisdom Bulletin, A-190)
by Louise Riotte
Order this book at Amazon.com

Systematics and Geographic Distribution of the American Strawberry
by Gunter Staudt
Description from Amazon.com:
In this detailed investigation of the natural variation, geographical distribution, and modern taxonomy of the American Fragaria strawberry species, three species with four subspecies each and two hybrid species are recognized taxonomically. The author also discusses the phylogenetic relationships of the diploid and octoploid species and subspecies and their postpleistocene migration. The American octoploid Fragaria species are known as the ancestors of the large-fruited garden strawberries, so this study is of great horticultural interest and may contribute to the preservation of these species and their further use in strawberry breeding.

Order this book at Amazon.com

Compendium of Strawberry Diseases (Disease Compendium Series.)
by J. L. Maas (Editor), American Phytopathological soc
Booknews, Inc Review:
Designed to aid plant pathologists ... especially extension or advisory pathologists or pathologists who have limited experience with strawberry diseases ... and other agricultural workers. This second edition places greater emphasis on diseases that are important internationally ... such as anthracnose, Botrytis rot, and virus and viruslike diseases ... and reflects changing cultural methods, cultivars, and expansion of strawberry culture as a major crop in many countries. Contents are organized according to causal agents, beginning with noninfectious disorders caused by environmental agents.

Order this book at Amazon.com

Strawberries (Crop Production Science in Horticulture, 11)
by James F. Hancock
Order this book at Amazon.com

Strawberry Deficiency Symptoms : A Visual and Plant Analysis Guide to Fertilization
by Albert Ulrich
Order this book at Amazon.com

Information in the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service Server
Horticulture Information Leaflets.
  1. Strawberries in The Home Garden -- by E. Barclay Poling
  2. Strawberry Diseases and Their Control -- by Charles W. Averre, Ronald K. Jones, and Robert D. Milholland
  3. Weed Control Options for Strawberries on Plastic -- David W. Monks

Information at Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture and Marketing.
  1. Natural Fertilizers for the Home Garden
  2. Beneficial Insects in the Home Garden
  3. Search for all articles containing the root strawberr*

Online Strawberry Database
Database of strawberry information in the US and Ohio between the years of 1960 and 1995. Information provided includes: Volume of production, Value of production, Number of acres planted, Number of acres harvested, Value of production per acre harvested, Average price, Average yield per acre, CPI adjusted average price, CPI adjusted value of production per acre harvested.

Atlantic Food and Horticulture Research Centre, Kentville, Nova Scotia
The Atlantic Food and Horticulture Research Centre has had a strawberry breeding programme for years. Select the links below to find out more about their strawberry research.

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Strawberry Diseases and Insect Pests Information

The Northwest Berry & Grape InfoNet

General Berry & Grape Pest Managment
Strawberry Disease Control Guidelines
Strawberry Pest Control Guidelines
Weed Management: Strawberry

Red Stele Root Rot of Strawberry
Fact Sheet by Michael A. Ellis:
Many commercial strawberry cultivars are susceptible to the red stele fungus. This root rot disease has become a serious problem facing strawberry production in the northern two-thirds of the United States. The disease is most destructive in heavy clay soils that are saturated with water during cool weather when the fungus is most active. ...

Strawberry Spray Schedule for Home Gardens
Fact Sheet by Bob Mulrooney, Extension Plant Pathologist, University of Delaware and Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist, University of Delaware. The schedule lists when to spray plants to defeat what pests and using which pesticide.

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Commercial Sources of the Strawberry Plant

Lassen Canyon Nursery, Inc.
LCN is a nursery that has specialized in growing different varieties of Strawberry plants for almost 50 years! You can find information about all their different varieties at this site.

Naturipe Berry Growers Cooperative
Naturipe is a Berry Co-operative with deep strawberry roots. At this site you can also find links to recipes, merchandise and gifts with a strawberry flavour.

Nourse Farms
Nourse Farms is a nursery for small fruit plants, including strawberries, located in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. The site contains a small amount of information about the nursery and provides an email link for more information.

Stores that Sell Strawberry Seeds
Johny's Selected Seeds in Albion, Maine
Johny's Selected Seeds
Foss Hill Road
Albion, Maine    04910-9731
ph: (207) 437-4301
Pinetree Garden Seeds in New Gloucester, ME.
Pinetree Garden Seeds, 
Box 300, 
New Gloucester, ME  04260  
ph: (207) 926-3400
Dig This in Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Dig This, 
10 - 1535 Johnston St.
Granville Island Market
Vancouver, BC
ph: (604) 688-2929   
fx: (604) 688-2999

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File History:

Date:           Comment:
Jun. 11, 2001   - Correction to botanical information about strawberry
Dec. 11, 1998   - Updates and general clean up.
Sep. 24, 1997   - Added PICS information
                - Removed URL-Minder Form
Apr. 05, 1997   - Addition of table to hold both index and email update box
                - Correction to some horticultural facts
                - Reorganization of some information on the page
                - Added Strawberry Cup Planter Info to Gardening Hints
Feb. 23, 1997   - Addition of links at Atlantic Food and Horticulture
Feb. 12, 1997   - Changed URLMinder form to use new version
                - Corrected spelling to British/Canadian
                - Added WIDTH and HEIGHT tags to images
Nov. 15, 1996   - background colour change
Oct. 19, 1996   - Modifications for move to 'www.jamm.com'
Apr. 20, 1996   - Added link to California Strawberry Commission
                - Added links to text-only version of site
Mar. 26, 1996   - Added "keywords" and "description" META tags
Mar. 24, 1996   Initial Creation for http://vanbc.wimsey.com/~jam/